Briefly about dental history
Dentistry is certainly an important section of holistic medical science. This fact is explained quite easily – every part of the human body is important. Therefore, any discipline that deals with this or that part of our body is also important. After all, it is not a mere coincidence that all doctors recommend regular visits to dental clinics for prevention or treatment of dental diseases.
Dentistry originated in Ancient Greece. Of course, the knowledge, accumulated by ancient scientists and doctors, was very shallow and could not help to treat serious diseases. The development of dentistry took place in several stages, and the most decisive stage was the period of 19-20th century, when dentistry was finally formed and became a freestanding science.
Development of the science proceeded. Of course, increasing the number of doctors and intensive practice allowed new tools and techniques to be developed for the treatment of various diseases. For example, in the 18th century, anesthesia implemented in surgical operations for the first time, and was later used in dentistry.
The 19th century brought such irreplaceable discoveries in medicine as antiseptics, aseptics, methods of anesthesia and partial anesthesia. At the same time, complicated operations were performed on various parts of the human body, directly related to dentistry.
At the end of the 19th century dentistry became an independent direction of medicine. At this time there were the first schools of dentistry, mostly private. Graduates of such schools received a diploma, which indicated that they were dental healers and received appropriate education. Together with them, healers and barbers dealt with the treatment of dental diseases.
Since then, dentistry has intensively developed and is now a truly important science with a deep and systematized knowledge system.
Do you know that…
- The earliest dentists were ancient Etruscans. They already knew how to insert new teeth, which were cut from the appropriate teeth of animals. Dental prostheses made in the 7th century BC were quite strong and were quite suitable for chewing rough food.
- Doctors of ancient Japan removed teeth simply with bare hands, first shaking them with a wooden chisel and a hammer.
- Ancient Egypt is considered the birthplace of the first toothpaste, which was obtained from a mixture of crushed pumice, egg shell, myrrh and ash of the burnt alvus of a bull. Therefore, five thousand years ago young Egyptians could boast with a snow-white smile after using such a mixture for cleaning their teeth.
- Ancient Egyptians already knew how to stuff teeth. And the missing teeth were replaced by artificial ones, which were attached with gold wire to the neighboring teeth.
- The ancient Greeks believed that toothache is a consequence of lie.
- French court ladies of King Louis XI period tried to avoid eating solid foods, since they seriously believed that enhanced chewing leads to the formation of wrinkles on the face.
- The only extracted tooth of Isaac Newton was the most expensive tooth in human history. It was sold at auction in 1816 for 730 pounds sterling (in terms of the current rate – it’s about $ 3200) to a distinguished noble who later decorated his ring with this tooth. But, in autumn 2011, this record was beaten.
- In 1867, Lucy Taylor became the first woman in the US to receive a diploma in dentistry. In the same year, her compatriot Rigg performed the first in the history of dentistry, curettage of periodontal pockets.
- In 1868, George Green, a mechanic at S.S. White, invented a pneumatic drill on the foot drive, which allowed dentist to work with one hand, and was the prototype of modern turbine units.
- Chewing gum got its a taste in 1870 and was called “Black Jack” thanks to Thomas Adams – a well-known inventor and chewing gum maker at that time.
- In the 19th century, one of the popular gifts at weddings in England were false teeth. At that time, the British believed that there was no point in treating the teeth and they were extracted ruthlessly even at a very young age.
- Curious laws exist in the USA. For example, in Vermont, a wife cannot wear dentures without a written permission of her husband. And in the city of Providence, Rhode Island, it is impossible to buy a toothbrush on Saturday – this is prohibited by law.
- The most expensive toothbrush in the world belongs to Mick Jagger. The famous singer got it as a gift … And since it was made of pure 18-carat gold, its value is estimated at about $ 4000.