Thanks to innovative technologies of modern dentistry, restoration of teeth can restore integrity, beauty and health to a smile. Tooth enlargement is an aesthetic restoration that removes tooth defects, and completely restores teeth in casethat the crown part is destroyed not more than 30%.
INDICATIONS AND CONTRAINDICATIONS
- Spots on the tooth surface
- Mechanical injuries
- Cracks and chips
- Cracks between teeth
- Diseases that lead to partial tooth decay (if the root is healthy).
- If a patient is allergic to composite materials
- If a tooth cannot be isolated from the effect of saliva
- The patient suffers from bruxism
The procedure includes:
- Recreating a tooth
- Form correction
- Structure correction
- Changing the color of the tooth
- Correction of the wrong position of the tooth in the row.
RESTORATION OF TEETH WITH SMALL DAMAGE
Minor damage can include:
- Appearance of cracks
- Cracks between the teeth
- Small chips
- If the enamel is thinner.
To restore a tooth in such cases, composite materials are used. The procedure passes quickly enough, and the tooth can often be grown in one visit to the doctor. Modern photo composites and photopolymers can take any form, and then freeze in it.
After final hardening under a special light, the material becomes very durable. This method is used for chronic tooth decay as a result of deficiency of certain vitamins and trace elements, as well as due to metabolic disorders. With the help of innovative computer programs, you can create a model of a future tooth, giving it any shape and size.
GROWING TEETH WITH A FILLING MATERIAL
Modern filling materials, which are used for restoration of teeth, allow a tooth to be grown safely and qualitatively. They are perfectly compatible with the tissues of a tooth and oral cavity, and also have excellent aesthetic qualities. Such compounds do not injure mucous membrane of mouth, as well as tooth enamel, which comes into contact with them during chewing food.
Materials do not change their color with time, and also practically do not differ in color and structure with natural tooth enamel. They contain fluoride, and this allows you to restore your teeth, not only after normal mechanical damage, but also after significant tooth decay, which is provoked a metabolic disorder in the body. Modern filling materials allow even imitating natural transparency of tooth enamel.
Advantages of this method of tooth growing:
- The nerve remains. As a result, the tooth remains alive.
- You can restore a tooth in one visit to the dentist. This method allows you to quickly build up the destroyed tooth, returning it to chewing function.
- Modern materials allow building up the damaged part of the tooth so that it is practically impossible to distinguish it from the rest of the teeth.
- With this method, you can adjust the size and shape of the tooth.
- With the help of sealing materials, you can hide small defects: stains, darkened fillings.
HOW IS THE PROCESS OF TEETH GROWING GOING?
- A doctor cleans teeth of stones and plaque, so that the filling material is better attached to the enamel. At this stage, the color of the filling materials is also selected using a special scale.
- Anesthesia is administered if necessary.
- With the help of boron, a doctor removes a tooth decayed with caries. Old darkened fillings are also drilled.
- The tooth is isolated from the effects of saliva, as well as from the patient’s wet breathing. This is a very important stage, since moisture significantly reduces quality of tooth restoration. For insulation, a special latex material with a hole for the tooth is used.
- If the tooth is destroyed by more than 50%, you cannot do without the use of a pin. Without a pin, such a tooth can simply fall out during loads during chewing food.
- Then, fillings of different shades and transparency are applied to the tooth by layers. Together they give a tooth maximum naturalness.
- The last step is modeling the tooth with grinding and polishing.
GROWING THE TOOTH ON THE DENTAL POST
If the tooth is severely damaged and its root is damaged, the procedure will be performed using pins. In this case, you can not use prosthetics, but only restore the upper part of the tooth. This type of expansion procedure is as follows:
- The doctor makes an X-ray.
- Then, using a computer program, simulates a suitable shape for the future tooth.
- A metal pin is inserted into the root canal.
- A filling solution is placed around the pin, which will help restore the upper part of the tooth.
The pins have different shapes and lengths. That is why the dentist can choose the right pin in each case. The pins are made of the following materials: 1
- Fiberglass prevents the splitting of the root, which often happens during the use of metal pins. This material is perfectly compatible with tooth tissues and perfectly strengthens channels.
- Carbon fibers.
RECOVERY OF TEETH FOR CHILDREN
Children’s teeth are grown in much the same way as in adult patients, with only one difference: dentists do not put pins and veneers. Very often, special crown-tabs are used. It is important to keep a tooth as alive as possible in childhood, so restoration of children’s teeth is carried out without removing nerves and pulp, so as not to damage rudiment of a permanent molar.
RESTORATION OF FRONT TEETH
- Grafting using veneers is applied on the front teeth, if the crown of the tooth is whole, and lesions and defects of enamel are insignificant. A thin plate of ceramics is made separately for each tooth. Then the plate is attached to the front of a tooth with a special glue with a cementing effect. Veneers look natural. Veneers are divided into lumineers and ultranaries.
- Reconstruction with the use of layered application of composite materials is used for small cleavages, breakage, carious lesions. The defect of the tooth is cleared, and then a layer, overlapping the shape of the tooth, is superimposed over the layer. Then there is a grinding of the tooth to give it the most natural and attractive appearance and shape.
GROWING TEETH IN HOME CONDITIONS
The missing part of the tooth alone at home can not be restored. Enamel can be restored only if there are only minor defects. The procedure is called “remineralization”, it consists in applying to the teeth special formulations that saturate tooth enamel with fluoride, calcium for strengthening.
Methods of application of fortifying compounds:
- Applications using gels, kappas and wax matrices
- Use of fluorinated varnishes
- Professional remineralization
- The latter two methods can only be used in dental clinics.
ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF THE PROCEDURE
- Modern materials provide excellent durability of teeth, which are subject to restoration. A new tooth is not inferior in strength to the present and its life will last long.
- Maximum preservation of tooth tissue.
- Maximum tooth restoration. You can even grow those teeth, of which remains practically nothing.
- One visit to a dentist can restore several teeth.
- Filling materials do not cause allergic reactions.
- Dental building is much cheaper than dental prosthetics.
- Modern materials make a tooth natural in color and structure.
- You can correct tooth defects in a hard-to- reach cervical region.
- You can form a beautiful dentition, a beautiful smile, without resorting to prosthetics.
- Relatively high cost.
- In each individual case it is difficult to predict how long the restored tooth will remain in this form. For one person it can last for 5 years, for another – up to 20.
All depends on the following factors:
- Experienced dentist.
- How the patient cares for the tooth.
- What foods will be consumed.
- Having bad habits.