Teeth care before birth and in the first years after birth


Adults often have a fear of going to the dentist and involuntarily transmit this fear to their children. Meanwhile, it is known that initial form of caries treatment is painless both for adults and children.

By the way, all children without "sad experience" go to dentistry, fearlessly take seat in a chair and calmly give a doctor the possibility to do all the necessary operations.

Scientists proved that human health is only 7-8% dependent on the health service, while at the same time more than half - on their lifestyle. And, it seems, almost 90% of children, especially those living in the city, up to 5-6 years-old, have their teeth affected by caries. At the age of 12, a child has an average of 3-4 carious affected teeth. Meanwhile, tooth decay is not only a toothache and sleepless nights; it is a constant source of infection of human body.

With the first visit to a dentist, very often there are complaints of pain during meals or night pains or "swollen" cheek. What memories does a child have after such a visit to the dentist? Will he go to a dentist next time? And all this can be avoided if you show your baby to a child's dentist when he is 3 months-old, then 6 months-old, 9 and 12 months-old and get recommendations that will help avoid troubles in the future.

Baby teeth care before his birth

Care for teeth health necessary even before his birth, since the germs of the first milk teeth are laid, on average, at the 5th week of fetal embryonic development. The child is born without teeth, although his jaws have teeth buds of all 20 dairy teeth, and even all frontal permanent teeth (12). That is why a mother-to- be should follow her regime, often go out, and have meals properly. Her food should be diverse, contain much fresh vegetables and fruits, as well as vegetable fats and animal proteins in the required quantities.

It is very important to use products such as milk, cottage cheese, cheese, fish, meat, eggs. According to experts’ opinion, future mothers need 1.5 grams of calcium, 2.5 g of phosphorus, 3 mg of fluoride, and 2.5 mg of vitamin B1 on the day, and the demand for these substances increases significantly from the fifth month of pregnancy. All listed elements are contained in beet, cabbage, walnuts, sea kale, sea fish. It is important how the pregnancy goes, whether there is a toxicosis. Especially important the fifth and last three months of pregnancy are, when the laying takes place, and then intensive mineralization of temporary teeth crowns and permanent teeth germs of an unborn child are formed. Therefore, from the eleventh to the twelfth week of pregnancy, a woman must necessarily take vitamins, and 2 months before childbirth - also vitamin D. If pregnancy takes place with a marked toxicosis (especially in the second half), then you should additionally take Salts of calcium and phosphorus.

Dental care in the first year of life

The baby was born. No less important for the health of the baby and development of his strong teeth has a way of feeding in the first year of life. The longer a child is fed by mother's milk in the first half of the life, the less there will be any more reasons to go to the dentist. Mother's milk is perfectly absorbed by a child, and it contains fluorine and calcium, so necessary for the health of teeth.

In the first year of life, the causes for deformation of teeth or jaws begin to appear. From the first months of a baby, a jaw is shifted somewhat backwards - this is the norm, since he has to do a pretty impressive job for him whenever his mother gives him a breast to feed: he pushes the lower jaw forward to tighten a nipple, strains his cheeks muscles to create a vacuum in the oral cavity, otherwise mother's milk will not come. This constant load develops muscles and helps to correct growth of the jaw.

If a child does not catch a nipple properly and does not "suck" it, clicks his tongue, the reason may be a shortening or abnormal attachment of a tongue frenulum, which causes the tip to turn. In these case, surgical treatment is necessary.

At bottle feeding it is important to watch, that the child works with his tongue, lips, puts forward the bottom jaw, forces himself to work on"extraction" of food. To do this, the nipple should be small, elastic, simulate a mother's nipple. The holes should be several, but small, otherwise a baby will choke, not having time to swallow food. Before feeding, tilt a bottle down and make sure that milk does not pour down, but drips off. The bottle should be kept horizontally, and it should not press on the jaw.

Consequently, the incorrect artificial feeding of a child - use of a long nipple with a large opening, pressure of a bottle during feeding on the lower jaw - may be the cause of improper development of jaws.

In—time teaching baby to eat from a spoon and a cup is very important, and then to a thicker solid food, which requires biting and chewing. Starting from 4-5 months-old, before giving a baby food from a bottle, try the first portions to be given with a spoon. As long as your child is hungry, he will push the lower jaw to the spoon and will remove the food with his lips. Juices, fruit and vegetable purees should also be given with a spoon. With such feeding, the spoon should be brought to the lips, and not injected directly into the mouth, let the baby reach for it: this tension is his own “fitness” for jaws and muscles.at the age of 5 months a child should be given with a cracker, or an apple. Parents, especially grandmothers make a mistake of letting a child drink sweetened water. He quickly gets used to this and does not drink plain water, already at a tender age becoming a sweet tooth, which is very bad for future teeth.

The first teeth of the baby appear in 6-8 months age. First teeth do not require special care: young children have salivary salivation; the teeth are at a considerable distance from each other, so their constant self-cleaning takes place. It is recommended from time to time after feeding to wipe the teeth with cotton wool soaked in boiled water.