Mouth Ulcers Causes, Treatment and Prevention


Mouth ulcers are quite common, but with normal immunity, generally don’t reach impressive sizes.

The other name of ulcerative disease is stomatitis. It looks like white sores in mouth, causing keen burning pain when eating. Ulcers and inflammations are able to affect any part of mouth, including lips. The illness starts by reddening of an affected area of the mucous membrane entailing edema and sore sensations. This is also supplemented by an increase of saliva, bad odor from mouth. In severe occasions, pyrexia (fever) and node enlargement are potential.

What causes mouth ulcers in most cases?

It’s considered that one of prevalent causes of ulcers is an impaired immunity. A variety of bacteria and viruses undermine protective ability of organism.

Unbalanced nourishment can also induce tiny mouth ulcers. Rich and complete diet is required to ensure body with essential vitamins and minerals for normal life. Shortage of these substances may also lead to an advanced likelihood of stomatitis.

Sometimes the reason lies in non-compliance with oral hygiene, trauma of gums by braces, poor fit dentures. Also, if you brush your teeth too often or with SLS-containing pastes, salivation is reduced causing dehydration of mucous membrane and formation of plaque.

In addition, don’t forget about bad habits that include: smoking, alcohol and coffee abuse, unhealthy diet. Frequently, stomatitis occurs on the background of deficiency of vitamins B, D, potassium, phosphorus, iron and zinc.

There are few types of mouth ulcers depending on nature of damaging effect:

  • Bacterial. It’s featured by abnormal reproduction of gram positive bacteria and manifests itself in the form of pustules, shortly turning into painful ulcers and erosion.
  • Viral. It reveals itself as Herpes virus infection. On mucous membrane of mouth, bubbles come out with a transparent liquid that subsequently becomes cloudy, bubbles burst and erosion areas are formed.
  • Fungal. Pathological growth of Candida-type fungi, triggered by a decreased immunity or durable use of antibiotics. A white bloom is formed, removal of which causes erosion and pain.
  • Radiation. It occurs due to the action of ionizing radiation resulting from irradiation. It’s characterized by formation of erosion and compacted areas of mucous.
  • Chemical. Appears due to burns of the oral mucosa with alkalis or acids. In this case, deep ulcers are formed, that, when overgrown, form scars that deform the mucous membrane.

So question is how do you get ulcers in your mouth if you care properly about hygiene or oral cavity?

Sometimes hygiene itself is not enough because the cause could be in hidden disease of tissues of tongue and gums, diabetes, caries, oncology. And besides, do not forget about weak immune system, high levels of stress, hormonal imbalance, and side effects of some drugs. In any case, you should contact specialist for advice and determine the way of treatment.

Further to inside parts of cheeks and gums, sores also arise on tongue. What causes mouth ulcers on tongue? The development of inflammatory process on entire surface of tongue contributes to a wide range of factors. The most common are:

  • Bites or injuries of the tongue that may occur during a conversation, meal, too hard toothbrush, improper fixation of the prosthesis or unprofessional dentist work;
  • Stomatitis. A disease that manifests itself in form of little ulcers in mouth;
  • Chemical damage. May develop on the background of bad habits, uncontrolled intake of drugs, contact with alkalis and acids;
  • Immunodeficiency health problems.

What treatment for mouth ulcers can be advised?

Getting rid of problem is determined by the reason for their appearance: if it is a systemic disease, it should be eliminated first of all. Infectious viral pathologies are treated with antibiotics, antihistamines, antibacterial agents. These medications exist in the form of rinses, ointments, gels, sprays, lozenges, etc.

If disease is heavy and has signs of a serious infectious lesion, then it is imperative to contact a dentist or therapist who can tell you how to treat stomatitis. Curing should include measures for speedy relief from pain, healing of mucous membranes, as well as prevention of progression of disease.

Prevention of occurrence of mouth ulcers is based on eliminating causes of disease. To achieve this, you just need to maintain oral hygiene, eat healthy foods, give up bad habits and of course visit dentist in a timely manner.