What is Tooth Restoration? When It is Necessary?

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Tooth restoration makes it possible to recover the external teeth aesthetics and its function with the help of few materials. This is a complex of procedures aimed at correcting the defect, shape and place of teeth, as well as restoring hard tissues and functions of the dentition.

Features of the Dental Restoration

As usual the procedure of restoration is painless, but if there is a high sensitivity, anesthesia can be applied. This procedure is considered "sparing" in dentistry, since during treatment the tooth is exposed to minimal external influences. The restoration helps to solve several aesthetic problems, such as: the presence of diastema and curvature of the teeth, chipped teeth or partial destruction, caries on the enamel surface.

There are several main benefits of this procedure:

  • Complete restoration allows both to correct or hide minor defects and replace perfectly a lost tooth.
  • Variety of types of composite restoration offers many available methods. The specialist will suggest the most suitable way, based on the specific problem, individual characteristics and financial situation.
  • In most cases, 2-3 visits to the dentist are required to restore esthetic and functional properties.
  • If the doctor’s recommendations are followed, the restored teeth have a long service life.

Before proceeding with the teeth restoration, it’s essential to consider the pros and cons of dental restoration. The treatment cannot be carried out if it’s impossible to isolate the necessary area from moisture, if the patient suffers from an allergy to the components used and with developing caries. Though, a specialist can easily fix these problems.

The method of direct dental restoration can change color and shape, level the enemal, and eliminate interdental spaces. The main pros of this technique is the ability to eliminate certain defects within a short time. There is no need to use a dental laboratory to relieve the patient of dental problems, which makes direct restorations much cheaper than indirect ones. The main disadvantages are discoloration and wear on the composite materials. With proper care, these problems can be avoided, but not all people follow the basic rules of oral cavity hygiene, which leaves the risk.

If it’s important to notably correct the shape of the tooth, hide wide interdental spaces, and also to save teeth in case of significant damage, the method of indirect restoration of teeth is used. It allows the patient to improve the aesthetics of the smile and restore chewing function. Indirect tooth abrasion restoration implies the manufacture of a denture, therefore several visits to the dentist are required. First, the specialist carries out professional cleaning of the teeth, then he will select the shade of the material, take an impression for the manufacture of a prosthesis. The finished structure is fixed with dental cement and polished to achieve the most natural smile.

There is also a tooth adhesive restoration, which is effective for defects in the crown part of the tooth of varying complexity: starting with small holes and ending with the absence of a crown part in principle. The method of adhesive restoration allows qualitatively recovery of the teeth using modern materials that are safe for the human body, which can firmly adhere to the tooth surface.

Types of Dental Restorations

Сomposite components are always used in the direct method. The most popular tooth restoration materials are photopolymers, which have excellent light transmission properties, so the restored dental units look as natural as possible.

Concerning indirect dental restoration, there are several types:

  • Dental tabs. They are installed in the destroyed part of the dental unit when it’s not possible to put a classic filling. Ceramic constructions are maximally identical to natural enamel, so they are often used in front teeth restoration.
  • Composites (veneers, lumineers). They are made of a special polymer material with high strength and are good for molar teeth restoration. Due to the small thickness, it’s possible to get by with a minimal tooth turning, as a result, the smile becomes more attractive. Veneers help hide crowding, cracks, chips and other imperfections.
  • Implants are prostheses that are implanted into the bone tissue of the jaw and successfully replace missing "native" teeth. It’s made of titanium and is fixed in bone, providing sturdiness and durability. Implantation is the most difficult type of aesthetic dentistry, it requires the high professionalism of a surgeon and orthodontist.
  • Crowns. They help to save badly decayed teeth when other structures have nothing to hold on to. Metal, metal-ceramic, or metal-free crowns are installed on a previously ground tooth or implant.

Dental restoration can have a long service life, on average from 7 to 20 years, depending on the specific type. Compliance with the doctor's recommendations and rejection of bad habits will allow you to maintain the result 2-3 times longer.

Modern methods in dentistry help to have a beautiful smile and to remove both minor defects and serious injuries as efficiently as possible. Clinics offer different types of dental restoration so that patients can quickly rebuild aesthetic and chewing functions, and avoid dental diseases. Such a quality procedure attracts more and more modern people with its merits, allowing you to have a perfect smile in a relatively short time.